This is a Multilayer Ceramic device that combines two balanced shunt capacitors, with mutual inductance cancellation and shielding effect. When properly laid out, this monolithic broadband filter provides fantastic rejections for single-ended (e.g. power bypass) or differential configurations (e.g. modulated power and return of a brushed DC motor noise).

Used for both EMI filtering and noise attenuation, the component is an effective EMC solution for common mode noise issue, and it allows to get rid of differential noise as well. It can replace DC common mode chokes and provide better performances as an EMI filter or RFI filter. It can also replace Common Mode Chokes in many cases of RF interference or noise cancelling. This solution should be considered for all EMI noise suppression filters and for noise filtering.

Automotive version (AEC-Q200) available on request.

X2Y Filter and Decoupling Capacitors

General Information

Applications:

  • Amplifier FIlter & Decoupling
  • High Speed Data Filtering
  • EMC I/O Filtering
  • FPGA / ASIC / μ-P Decoupling
  • DDR Memory Decoupling

Advantages:

  • One device for EMI suppression or decoupling
  • Replace up to 7 components with one X2Y
  • Differential and common mode attenuation
  • Matched capacitance line to ground, both lines
  • Low inductance due to cancellation effect

Key Features:

  • AEC-Q200 Automotive Qualification (as required)

Common Traits with Conventional MLCC:

  • Same component sizes (0603, 0805, 1206, etc.)
  • Same pick and place equipment
  • Same voltage ratings
  • Same dielectric, electrode and termination materials
  • Same industry test standards for component reliability
X2Y Filter and an MLC Capacitor
<4>The X2Y® Design - A Balanced, Low ESL, "Capacitor Circuit"

The X2Y® capacitor design starts with standard 2 terminal MLC capacitor’s opposing electrode sets, A & B, and adds a third electrode set (G) which surround each A & B electrode. The result is a highly vesatile three node capacitive circuit containing two tightly matched, low inductance capacitors in a compact, four-terminal SMT chip.

X2Y capacitor design starts with standard 2 terminal MLC capacitor’s opposing electrode sets
X2Y Filtering schematic

EMI Filtering:
The X2Y® component contains two shunt or “line-to-ground” Y capacitors. Ultra-low ESL (equivalent series inductance) and tightly matched inductance of these capacitors provides unequaled high frequency Common-Mode noise filtering with low noise mode conversion. X2Y® components reduce EMI emissions far better than unbalanced discrete shunt capacitors or series inductive filters. Differential signal loss is determined by the cut off frequency of the single line-to-ground (Y) capacitor value of an X2Y®.

X2Y decoupling schematic

Power Bypass / Decoupling
For Power Bypass applications, X2Ys® two “Y” capacitors are connected in parallel. This doubles the total capacitance and reduces their mounted inductance by 80% or 1/5th the mounted inductance of similar sized MLC capacitors enabling high-performance bypass networks with far fewer components and vias. Low ESL delivers improved High Frequency performance into the GHz range.

GSM RFI Attenuation in Audio & Analog

GSM handsets transmit in the 850 and 1850 MHz bands using a TDMA pulse rate of 217Hz. These signals cause the GSM buzz heard in a wide range of audio products from headphones to concert hall PA systems or “silent” signal errors created in medical, industrial process control, and security applications. Testing was conducted where an 840MHz GSM handset signal was delivered to the inputs of three different amplifier test circuit configurations shown below whose outputs were measured on a HF spectrum analyzer.

  • No input filter, 2 discrete MLC 100nF power bypass caps.
  • 2 discrete MLC 1nF input filter, 2 discrete MLC 100nF power bypass caps.
  • A single X2Y 1nF input filter, a single X2Y 100nF power bypass cap.

X2Y configuration provided a nearly flat response above the ambient and up to 10 dB imrpoved rejection than the conventional MLCC configuration.

X2Y GSM RFI Attenuation in Audio and Analog frequency chart

Capacitance Values

X2Y Capacitance selection chart

X2Y Circuit 1: Filtering

When used in circuit 1 configuration the X2Y® filter capacitor is connected across two signal lines. Differential mode noise is filtered to ground by the two Y capacitors, A & B. Common mode noise is cancelled within the device.

X2Y EMI Filtering Circuit diagram

Experts agree that balance is the key to a "quiet" circuit. X2Y® is a balanced circuit device with two equal halves, tightly matched in both phase and magnitude with respect to ground. Several advantages are gained by two balanced capacitors sharing a single ceramic component body.

  • Exceptional common mode rejection
  • Effects of aging & temperature are equal on both caps
  • Effect of voltage variation eliminated
  • Matched line-to-ground capacitance

Amplifier Input Filter Example

In this example, a single Johanson X2Y® component was used to filter noise at the input of a DC instrumentation amplifier. This reduced component count by 3-to-1 and costs by over 70% vs. conventional filter components that included 1% film Y-capacitors.

ParameterX2Y® 10nFDiscrete 10nF, 2@220 pFComments
DC offset shift< 0.1 µV< 0.1 µVReferred to input
Common mode rejection91 dB92 dB 

Source: Analog Devices, “A Designer’s Guide to Instrumentation Amplifiers (2nd Edition)” by Charles Kitchin and Lew Counts

X2Y Amplifier Input Filter diagram

Common Mode Choke Replacement

  • Superior High Frequency Emissions Reduction
  • Smaller Sizes, Lighter Weight
  • No Current Limitation
  • Vibration Resistant
  • No Saturation Concerns
x2y common mode choke replacement
X2Y Measured Common Mode Rejection

DC Motor EMI Reduction: A Superior Solution

One X2Y® component has successfully replaced 7 discrete filter components while achieving superior EMI filtering.

DC Motor EMI Reduction graph

Parallel Capacitor Solution

A common design practice is to parallel decade capacitance values to extend the high frequency performance of the filter network. This causes an unintended and often over-looked effect of anti-resonant peaks in the filter networks combined impedance. X2Y’s very low mounted inductance allows designers to use a single, higher value part and completely avoid the anti-resonance problem. The impedance graph on right shows the combined mounted impedance of a 1nF, 10nF & 100nF 0402 MLC in parrallel in RED. The MLC networks anti-resonance peaks are nearly 10 times the desired impedance. A 100nF and 47nF X2Y are plotted in BLUE and GREEN. (The total capacitance of X2Y (Circuit 2) is twice the value, or 200nF and 98nF in this example.) The sigle X2Y is clearly superior to the three paralleled MLCs.

Decade MLCs versus X2Y Impedance

Signal Line Filter for USB & RJ45

One X2Y® component can effectively filter high speed signal lines replacing replacing multiple inductive and ferrite components.

Signal Line Filter for USB and RJ45

Other X2Y® Filter Applications

DC-DC converters, power I/O, connectors (RJ45, D-sub), audio/voice/data, CAN, high-speed differential.

Effectively replaces common mode chokes, inductors, ferrites and feedthru capacitors.

Power Bypass

X2Y® Circuit 2: Decoupling

When used in circuit 2 configuration, A & B capacitors are placed in parallel effectively doubling the effective capacitance while maintaining an ultra-low inductance. The low inductance advantages of the X2Y® Capacitor Circuit enables high-performance bypass networks at reduced system cost.

Power Ground Diagram
  • Lower via count, improves routing
  • Reduces component count
  • Lowers placement cost
  • Low ESL (device only and mounted)
  • Broadband Performance
  • Effective on PCB or package

X2Y High Performance Power Bypass - Improve Performance, Reduce Space & Vias

Actual measured performance of two high performance SerDes FPGA designs demonstrate how a 13 component X2Y bypass network significantly out performs a 38 component MLC network.

38 component MLC network
13 component X2Y bypass network significantly out performs a 38 component MLC network

Component Performance

Lower Device Inductance
Decoupling component performance

The X2Y® has short, multiple and opposing current paths resulting in lower device inductance


PCB MOUNTED PERFORMANCE

decoupling-mp2
decoupling-mp1

SYSTEM PERFORMANCE

1:5 MLCC REPLACEMENT EXAMPLE
X2Y's proven technology enables end-users to use one X2Y capacitor to replace five conventional MLCCs in a typical high performance IC bypass design. Vias are nearly cut in half, board space is reduced and savings are in dollars per PCB.

decoupling-sp

34% NOISE IMPROVEMENT 1:3 MLCC REPLACEMENT

serdes

X2Y Component & Pad Sizes

Physical
Dimensions
0402 (X07) 0603 (X14) 0805 (X15) 1206 (X18) 1210 (X41) 1410 (X44) 1812 (X43)
IN mm IN mm IN mm IN mm IN mm IN mm IN mm
Chip L 0.045
±.003
1.143
±.076
0.064
±.005
1.626
±.127
0.080
±.008
2.032
±.203
0.124
±.010
3.150
±.254
0.125
±.010
3.175
±.010
0.140
±.010
3.556
±.254
0.174
±.010
4.420
±.254
W 0.025
±.003
0.635
±.076
0.035
±.005
0.889
±.127
0.050
±.008
1.270
±.203
0.063
±.010
1.600
±.254
0.098
±.010
2.489
±.254
0.098
±.010
2.490
±.254
0.125
±.010
3.175
±.254
T 0.020
max.
0.508
max.
0.026
max.
0.660
max.
0.040
max.
1.016
max.
0.050
max.
1.270
max.
0.070
max.
1.778
max.
0.070
max.
1.778
max.
0.090
max.
2.286
max.
EB 0.008
±.003
0.203
±.076
0.010
±.006
0.254
±.152
0.012
±.008
0.305
±.203
0.016
±.010
0.406
±.254
0.018
±.010
0.457
±.254
0.018
±.010
0.457
±.254
0.022
±.012
0.559
±.305
CB 0.012
±.003
0.305
±.076
0.018
±.004
0.457
±.102
0.022
±.005
0.559
±.127
0.040
±.005
1.016
±.127
0.045
±.005
1.143
±.127
0.045
±.005
1.143
±.127
0.045
±.005
1.143
±.127
Solder Pad X 0.020 0.51 0.035 0.89 0.050 1.27 0.065 1.65 0.100 2.54 0.100 2.54 0.125 3.18
Y 0.018 0.45 0.025 0.64 0.035 0.89 0.040 1.02 0.040 1.02 0.040 1.02 0.040 1.02
G 0.028 0.71 0.040 1.02 0.050 1.27 0.080 2.03 0.080 2.03 0.100 2.54 0.130 3.30
V 0.013 0.33 0.020 0.51 0.022 0.56 0.040 1.02 0.045 1.14 0.045 1.14 0.045 1.14
U 0.039 0.99 0.060 1.52 0.080 2.03 0.120 3.05 0.160 4.06 0.160 4.06 0.190 4.83
Z 0.064 1.63 0.090 2.29 0.120 3.05 0.160 4.06 0.160 4.06 0.180 4.57 0.210 5.33
X2Y Component Size X2Y pad Size
Solder mask beneath component should be avoided or minimized to reduce flux & containment entrapment

Trace - Via Layout Summary


The following are key elements of Good Mounting Practice when applying X2Y components with traces and vias on the PCB.

Layout Summary

Differential configuration - Trace & Via Layouts


Examples of circuit Schematic:
X2Y Circuit Schematic of Line
X2Y Circuit Schematic of Power and Return
X2Y Differential Daisy Chain Layout
X2Y Differential Single Ground Via
X2Y Differential Thin, long traces, small vias
X2Y Differential Star Layout
X2Y Differential T layout (High ESL)
Differential Trace to top flood connection

Single-Ended Configuration - Trace & Via Layouts


Examples of circuit Schematic:
X2Y Single-Ended Circuit Schematic of Line
X2Y Single-Ended Circuit Schematic of Power and Return
X2Y Single-Ended Continuous Trace Under X23Y, vias to inner plane
X2Y Single-Ended broken trace under X2Y
X2Y Single-Ended single via per pad
X2Y Single-Ended Continuous Trace Under X2Y, top flood connection
X2Y Single-Ended Blocks DC Current Flow
Good Practice
Bad Practice
6-via 0603
3-via 0603
Long Trace connections, large via spacing
8-via Large Component
8-via 0603 via-in-pad

Examples 1, 2: Dual-Line EMI Filtering


Dual-Line EMI filtering of two conductor power feed
Dual-Line EMI filtering of two conductor signal feed

Example 3: Dual-Line EMI Filtering


RF noise energy to bypass X2Y filter
design focuses the RF noise energy to X2Y filter

Examples 4,5: Dual Line EMI Filtering


PCB pad layout of the Signal Cable I/O
Signal Cable I/O of Circuit 1
Signal Cable I/O
PCB pad example X2Y layout
Power and Signal Cable I/O of Circuit 1
Power and Signal Cable I/O

Example 6: EMI Filter & Power Bypass


Single X2Y replaces 4 MLCCs
IC +/- power pins on same side: Single X2Y replaces 4 MLCCs, bypassing both the power rails.
X2Y applied as dual-line input filter
X2Y applied as dual-line input filter. IC +/- power pins on opposite sides, X2Y is applied in bypass on each power rail.

IC Power Bypass: Inner Planes Attachment


Multiple X2Y components are attached between the inner Vcc an GND planes on this PCB for FPGA power bypassing.

IC power bypass example
IC power bypass closeup and schematic

IC & Connector Pin Placement


IC & Connector Pin Placement

IC Power Bypass : Reduced EMC


6-vias and a continuous trace under the X2Y
Using 6-vias and a continuous trace under the X2Y results in the lowest PDN impedance to GND.
5-vias removing via between the IC pin and X2Y
Using 5-vias, removing via between the IC pin and X2Y, maximizes RF noise immunity. All noise must first go through the X2Y filter before reaching the IC power pin.

We're here to help


Johanson provides first time adopters with application engineering assistance including part selection, schematic design review and PCB layout review.

Contact your local field sales representative for more information.

Thank You for your interest in the X2Y® Solution

Electrical Specifications

X2Y Electrical Characteristics chart

Mechanical Specifications

Equivalent Circuits
X2Y Mechanical Drawing diagram X2Y Mechanical Drawing chip view
Cross Sectional View
X2Y Cross Section Mechanical Drawing
Dimensional View
X2Y Mechanical Schematic
X2Y Mechanical characteristics graph

How to order

X2Y Part Number Breakdown - How to Order X2Y Capacitors